Mock exam 1

This mock exam for PMP consists of seventy questions. All the questions have exactly one correct answer. The answers to the questions are at the bottom of the page. The exam is based on PMBOK 5th edition, and corresponds to the latest version of the exam. This site is courtesy of Edwel Programs.

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  1. The stakeholder analysis matrix is part of ...?
    1. Part of the Stakeholder Management Strategy - an output of identify stakeholders
    2. An output of Plan Communications
    3. Part of the stakeholder register
    4. Part of Performance Reporting
  2. Which relationship model is most commonly used in the Precedence diagrams?
    1. start-to-start
    2. start-to-finish
    3. finish-to-start
    4. finish-to-finish

  3. AOA activity diagrams are only represented using which representation?
    1. start-to-start
    2. start-to-finish
    3. finish-to-start
    4. finish-to-finish

  4. Which of the following is not true about the Delphi technique?
    1. Individuals participating must know each other for Delphi technique to be successful.
    2. Delphi technique is most commonly used to obtain expert opinion.
    3. In Delphi technique participants are generally anonymous.

  5. Typically signing of project charter is the responsibility of
    1. Project Sponsor
    2. Senior Management
    3. Project Manager
    4. Project stake-holders

  6. You are the project manager of ABC project. Mid-way through the project a key component was found defective. This was not planned for. The team met after the event and managed to make the product work without the defective component. This is an example of -
    1. Risk mitigation
    2. Transfer of risk
    3. Work-around
    4. Accepting the consequences passively.

  7. Most common cause of conflicts in a project is
    1. Schedules
    2. Technical opinions
    3. Personal Issues
    4. Project priorities

  8. The most long-lasting conflict resolution is caused by which of these techniques?
    1. Smoothing
    2. Confrontation
    3. Compromising
    4. Forcing

  9. You are the Project Manager of ABC project. The project is being executed in an earthquake-prone area. To take care of this you buy insurance for earthquakes. This is an example of
    1. Risk mitigation
    2. Transfer of risk
    3. Risk contingency planning
    4. Accepting the consequences passively.

  10. Which of these is correct with respect to a product developed or a service performed.
    1. Bad quality is acceptable, but bad grade is not.
    2. Bad grade is acceptable, but bad quality is not.
    3. Neither bad grade nor quality is acceptable.
    4. Grade and quality is the same thing.

  11. Which of the following theory was suggested by Deming?
    1. Apply continuous small improvements to reduce costs and ensure consistency.
    2. Marginal Analysis
    3. Expectancy theory - people expect to be rewarded for their efforts.
    4. Plan-do-check-act to improve quality.

  12. Which of the following is not a tool for Perform Quality Control process.
    1. Inspection
    2. Benchmarking
    3. Flow charting
    4. Histogram

  13. You are the Project Manager for ABC project. You need to find out which issue has maximum impact on the project. Which tool should you use?
    1. Pareto diagram
    2. Control chart
    3. Trend analysis
    4. Fishbone diagram

  14. When analyzing quality for a project a Project Manager decides to use a tool. This tool provides a creative way to look at the causes or potential causes of a problem. Which tool is the Project Manager planning to use?
    1. Pareto diagram
    2. Control chart
    3. Statistical sampling
    4. Ishikawa diagram

  15. A Project Manager is using AOA to perform critical path analysis. The network diagram is represented as shown using below. Which of the following represents the path:

    Activity Duration Dependent on
    A 3 none
    C 3 none
    B 2 A
    D 5 C
    E 2 none
    F 4 E
    G 3 D,F
    H 1 D,F
    I 2 B,G
    R 0 H,I

    1. ABIR
    2. CDHR
    3. CDGIR
    4. EFGIR

  16. For the sequence diagram in question 15, what is the float of activity B
    1. 2
    2. 3
    3. 5
    4. 6

  17. For the sequence diagram in question 15, what is the float of activity H
    1. 2
    2. 3
    3. 4
    4. 6

  18. According to Herzberg which of these is not an example of hygiene factors?
    1. job security
    2. salary
    3. safe working conditions
    4. appreciation of work

  19. According to Maslow's hierarchy of needs, which is the lowest level which must be met before other levels can be met.
    1. Esteem
    2. Physiological
    3. Social
    4. Safety

  20. Which of these is not a benefit measurement project selection method?
    1. Integer Algorithm
    2. Internal Rate of Return
    3. Scoring model
    4. Discounted cash flow

  21. Which of these is a constrained optimization project selection method?
    1. Parallel algorithm
    2. Number programming
    3. Murder board
    4. Dynamic Programming

  22. You are part of an expert committee deciding which project should be implemented by your company. Your committee asks tough questions from the project teams and helps decide which project your company should select. Which project selection technique are you using.
    1. Scoring Model
    2. Committee Selection
    3. Murder Board
    4. Defined Benefit

  23. Which of these is a process in the Scope Management knowledge area
    1. Identify Scope
    2. Clarify Scope
    3. Control Scope
    4. Close Scope

  24. You have just been made the Project Manager of the ABC project. You are trying to read the WBS and are unable to understand some of the WBS components. Which should be your first step to understand this?
    1. Refer to the WBS dictionary
    2. Refer to the scope statement
    3. Refer to the Project charter
    4. Contact the previous Project Manager

  25. Who among the following is responsible for performing the scope validation
    1. Project Manager
    2. Senior Management
    3. The quality team
    4. The customer

  26. You are planning to use PERT for planning of your project. A task has pessimistic estimate of 24 days, most likely estimate of 15 days and optimistic estimate of 12 days. What is the mean using the PERT technique?
    1. 18 days
    2. 25.5 days
    3. 15 days
    4. 16 days
    5. 17 days

  27. Which of these is a process in the Project Procurement Management knowledge area?
    1. Select Sellers
    2. Control Procurements
    3. Control Contracts
    4. Plan Purchases and Acquisitions

  28. Oligopoly refers to which of these
    1. There is only one qualified seller in the market.
    2. There are no sellers in the market, so you have to build the product in-house.
    3. There are few sellers and action of one seller will have impact on other sellers prizes.
    4. Your company prefers to contract with only one seller.

  29. You are using straight line depreciation to compute the value of your computer after three years. If the current cost is $1000, what will be the value after three years assuming that the computer's life is five years.
    1. $0
    2. $400
    3. $500
    4. $600

  30. Which of the following is not true about analogous estimating.
    1. Estimate is based on past projects.
    2. It is not very accurate.
    3. It uses bottom-up approach
    4. It is a form of an expert judgment

  31. You have been asked to make an estimate for a project. The project involves manufacturing 1000 toys. You expect that as the team manufactures some toys, the time to make them will reduce. Which estimation technique are you trying to use?
    1. Analogous Estimation
    2. Regression Analysis
    3. Bottom up Estimating
    4. Learning Curve

  32. John is an excellent engineer. The management assumes that since he is a good technical performer, he will be a good project manager too. Based upon this, John was promoted to Project Manager. This is an example of
    1. Halo Effect
    2. Expectancy Theory
    3. McGregory Theory of X and Y
    4. Herzberg Theory

  33. Which of these is an example of processes in the closing process group?
    1. Project Closure
    2. Scope Closure
    3. Close Project or phase
    4. Scope Validation

  34. The authority to approve or deny change request lies with
    1. Project Manager
    2. Customer
    3. Project Sponsor
    4. Configuration Control Board

  35. You are the Project Manager of the XYZ project. You want to find the planned expenses for next month. Which document do you need to refer to?
    1. Cost Management Plan
    2. Cost Baseline
    3. Cost Control Plan
    4. Cost Variance report

  36. Which of the following is not true about the WBS report?
    1. WBS should focus in on the activities that must be performed in the project and should not focus on the deliverables.
    2. The project team must be involved in developing the WBS.
    3. As a rule of thumb, each activity of WBS should take less than 80 hours.
    4. WBS is usually represented in a hierarchical fashion.

  37. Which of the following processes produces WBS as an output?
    1. Plan Scope
    2. Initiate Project
    3. Define Activities
    4. Create WBS

  38. Which process identifies the project manager?
    1. Develop Project Management Plan
    2. Develop Project Charter
    3. Define Scope
    4. Select Project Process


  39. You are the Project Manager assigned to build a next generation vehicle. You identify a dependency that the wheels must be designed and developed before the assembly of the vehicle can be performed. This is an example of which type of dependency?
    1. External
    2. Discretionary
    3. Soft Logic
    4. Mandatory

  40. You are the Project Manager assigned to build a next generation vehicle. You identify a dependency that before the vehicle can be sold, it must be approved by the Government regulatory authority. This is an example of which type of dependency?
    1. External
    2. Discretionary
    3. Soft Logic
    4. Mandatory

  41. You are required to estimate the time to paint a large wall. You know it takes two hours to paint one square foot of wall. The wall has an area of 30 square foot. So you estimate that it will take 60 hours to paint the wall. Which estimation model are you using?
    1. Bottom-up
    2. Parametric modeling
    3. Analogous
    4. Expert judgment

  42. The level of accuracy for order of magnitude estimation is
    1. -25% to +75%
    2. -25% to +50%
    3. -25% to +25%
    4. -25% to +10%

  43. You are the project manager responsible for building a new web site. The project is running late. To bring the project on schedule, you decide to add additional resources to the critical path. This is an example of
    1. Fast-tracking
    2. Resource planning
    3. Crashing
    4. Schedule Management

  44. You are the project manager of ABC project. One of the risks that has been identifies is attrition of team members. Mid-way through the project you notice that the morale and motivation of the team members is going down. You think that this is a precursor to people leaving the organization. For this risk, low motivation is an example of
    1. work-around
    2. trigger
    3. risk monitoring
    4. risk planning

  45. You are working on the project of painting of your house. You identify a dependency that the painting of roof should begin only after two days of completion of painting of walls. This is an example of
    1. Lag
    2. Lead
    3. Slack
    4. Float

  46. What percentage of Project Manager's time is spent on communicating?
    1. 30
    2. 50
    3. 70
    4. 90

  47. You are the Project Manager for XYZ project. The scope of the project has been completed. You receive a request for a new module to be developed as part of this project. What should you do next?
    1. You should approach the Project sponsor and ask her for a new module to be developed as part of this project.
    2. You should approach the Senior Management and ask them for a new module to be developed as part of this project.
    3. You should send the request to Change Control Board for approval.
    4. Since the project scope is completed you should inform the customer that this change cannot be done as part of the project.

  48. Perform Quality Assurance process is part of which phase?
    1. Planning
    2. Execution
    3. Control
    4. Closure

  49. You are managing the project of planning a party for your company employees. There is a risk that the employees will not come to the party. You decide to not take any action against this as the likely-hood of this is low. Which risk response strategy are you following?
    1. Acceptance
    2. Avoidance
    3. Mitigation
    4. Transference

  50. The process of Conduct Procurements is part of which phase?
    1. Planning
    2. Execution
    3. Control
    4. Closure

  51. You are the Project Manager of ABC project. There was a conflict between two key project members. The three of you meet and decide to use compromise as the conflict resolution technique. Compromise generally leads to
    1. Win-win situation
    2. Win-Loose situation
    3. Loose-Loose situation
    4. None of these

  52. The Procurement statements of work is an output of which of these processes?
    1. Plan Procurements
    2. Conduct Procurements
    3. Control Procurements
    4. Close Procurements

  53. Which of these is a tool for Develop Project Charter process?
    1. Project selection methods
    2. Project management methodology
    3. Expert Judgment
    4. Earned Value Technique

  54. Which of the following best describes the purpose of a war room?
    1. A war room is used for meetings between the Project Manager and the customer.
    2. A war room is used for important meetings between the Project team and the senior management.
    3. A war room is used for collocation
    4. Whenever there is a resource conflict between different Project Managers, they meet in a war room.

  55. You are the Project Manager of a project involving building a computer. Your team members follow what you tell them because you have the authority to provide negative feedback in their performance appraisal. This is an example of which type of power?
    1. Coercive
    2. Referent
    3. Formal
    4. Reward

  56. Cost baseline is usually represented using which curve or line?
    1. a Slanted line
    2. an S-curve
    3. a Z curve
    4. a PQ curve

  57. You are in the process of Source Selection for a contract for your project. You are planning to use weighing process for source selection. There are four vendors being considered. There are two deciding factors price (weightage 40), quality (weightage 60). The scores of four vendors that your team has computed are displayed in the table below. Which vendor will among these four should be chosen?

    Vendor scores

    Vendor 1 Vendor 2 Vendor 3 Vendor 4
    Price 8 10 12 11
    Quality 12 10 8 11

    1. Vendor 1
    2. Vendor 2
    3. Vendor 3
    4. Vendor 4

  58. Which of the following indicate that the project is doing well? Select the best option.
    1. A negative Cost Variance
    2. An SPI of less than one
    3. A negative schedule variance
    4. A CPI of greater than one.

  59. You are performing Earned Value Reporting for your project. The project's CPI is 0.9 and the budget at completion is One thousand dollars. What is the estimated cost at completion?
    1. Nine hundred dollars
    2. One thousand one hundred and eleven dollars
    3. One thousand dollars
    4. One thousand and one hundred dollars

  60. You are working on a project to build a bridge. You have reached the planned half way mark. The total planned cost at this stage is five hundred dollars. The actual physical work that has been completed at this stage is worth $400. You have already spent one thousand dollars on the project. What is the CPI?
    1. 0.8
    2. 1.2
    3. 0.5
    4. 0.4

  61. You are working on a project to build a bridge. You have reached the planned half way mark. The total planned cost at this stage is five hundred dollars. The actual physical work that has been completed at this stage is worth $400. You have already spent one thousand dollars on the project. What is the Schedule Variance?
    1. -100
    2. 100
    3. -600
    4. 600

  62. John needs to visit many countries as part of his job. He has learned that he needs to avoid being ethno-centric. What does ethnocentrism mean?
    1. Not being friendly to strangers
    2. Unable to get adjusted to the food of a new place
    3. Belief that ones culture is superior to others.
    4. Initial shock of landing in a new country.

  63. You are planning to use screening system for source selection process to select a vendor for supplying food for your company? Which of these is a good example of screening system?
    1. You interview all the vendors and decide based upon the interviews.
    2. You negotiate with all the vendors and select the one that provides the best price.
    3. You only consider those vendors who have revenue of ten million dollars in the last financial year.
    4. You select the vendor who responds first to your advertisement.

  64. Which of the following is not an input to the Conduct Procurements process?
    1. Source selection criteria
    2. Make-or-buy decisions
    3. Organizational process assets
    4. WBS

  65. You are using control charts to perform quality control. Which of these situations does not indicate that the process is out of control and an assignable cause needs to be assigned. Assume that the control limits have been set to three sigma.
    1. One of the point is more than the mean + (3*sigma)
    2. Two points together are more than mean +(2*sigma), but less than mean + (3*sigma)
    3. Seven points together are on one side of the mean.

  66. You are the Project Manager of a car manufacturing company. As part of Quality Control you decide to check only 5% of the cars generated for environmental check. Which technique are you using?
    1. Pareto Diagram
    2. Control Charts
    3. Statistical Sampling
    4. Sample Selection

  67. Which of the following is true statement about risks?
    1. If a risk is identified in a risk response plan, then that means that risk has already happened.
    2. Once a risk has happened, you refer to the risk management plan to determine what action needs to be taken.
    3. A risk that was not planned but has happened is called a trigger.
    4. Risk identification happens in all the phases of the project.

  68. Which of the following is not true about the Close Project or Phase process?
    1. Contract closeout must be performed after the Administrative Closeout.
    2. The risk is the lowest at this stage of the project.
    3. The probability of completion is the highest at this stage of the project.
    4. Stakeholders have least amount of influence at this stage.

  69. Which of the following is an output of the Identify Risks process.
    1. Lessons Learned
    2. Checklists
    3. Risk Register
    4. SWOT Analysis

  70. In which process of Project Risk Management knowledge area are numeric values assigned to probabilities and impact of risks
    1. Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis
    2. Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis
    3. Perform Numeric Risk Analysis
    4. Plan Risk Response

  71. Your project is well underway, and the project management plan as well as subsidiary plans have been baselined and work is proceeding apace. A key project stakeholder has just approached you with a problem: a requirement was missed by the business in the requirements gathering process and they want it inserted into the project plan without having to go through the formal change request process. They would consider it a huge favor if you did so and would be willing to reciprocate at some later date. What should you do next?
    1. Talk to the stakeholder's manager about the stakeholder's request for a breach in the formal corporate change management process
    2. Since the stakeholder has key resources on the project, it may pay off in the long run to agree to the stakeholder's request
    3. Perform an impact assessment on the requested change and submit to the CCB for approval
    4. Agree to the request only if the stakeholder is willing to remove a less important feature of equal effort so as not to impact the costs or the timeline on the project

  72. Expert judgment is a tool and technique of all of the following processes except...?
    1. Identify stakeholders
    2. Plan stakeholder management
    3. Manage stakeholder engagement
    4. Control stakeholder engagement

  73. Which of these is not an example of a project?
    1. Buying clothes from the market on a special sale.
    2. Planning for your friends wedding.
    3. Building a bridge across the Amazon river.
    4. Cleaning the office building every day.

  74. Describing stakeholders based on their power (ability to impose will), urgency (need for immediate attention), and legitimacy (their involvement), describes what type of grid or model?
    1. Power/Influence grid
    2. Salience Model
    3. Influence/Impact grid
    4. Power model

  75. Which of the following best describes Plan Stakeholder Management process?
    1. Creation and maintenance of relationships between the project team and stakeholders
    2. Preventing negative stakeholders from derailing theproject
    3. Striking a balance between stakeholder needs and project needs
    4. Focuses on from the creation of the stakeholder management strategy
















Answers

  1. A – It is part of the Stakeholder Management Strategy, which is an output of identify stakeholders. PMBOK® Guide, 5th edition, p. 396
  2. c. finish-to-start is the most commonly used relationship.
  3. c. AOA activity diagrams are represented using finish-to-start representation.
  4. a. Experts participating in the Delphi technique are anonymous.
  5. b. Senior Management is responsible for issuing the charter.
  6. c. This was an unplanned event that happened. Work around refers to handling of risk that has occurred but was not planned for.
  7. a. Schedules are most common cause of conflicts.
  8. b. Problem-solving or Confrontation is the best solution for resolving conflicts and leads to long-lasting conflict resolution.
  9. b. Insurance is an example of transferring risk.
  10. b. Grade refers to category or rank given to entities having same functional use but different technical characteristics. As an example a basic $10K car belongs to a different grade when compared to a $50K luxury car. Your expectations from the two cars and their performances will differ because they belong to different grades.

  11. d. Continuous small improvements is part of Kaizen theory. Hence a is incorrect. The Plan-do-Check-Act doctrine was proposed by Deming.
  12. b. Benchmarking is not a tool for Quality Control process
  13. a. Pareto chart is built on the 80:20 theory. 80% of the defects are caused due to 20% of the issues. A Project Manager needs to focus on these 20% issues.
  14. d. Ishikawa or Fish bone diagram is the tool that the Project Manager is planning to use.
  15. c. CDGIR represents the critical path. It is the longest path through the network with the duration of 13.
  16. d. The path ABIR has duration of seven. Hence B can be delayed by six days before the next event can begin.
  17. c. The path CDHR has duration of nine days. Hence H can be delayed by four days before the next event can begin.
  18. d. Job security, salary, clean and safe working conditions are examples of hygiene factors. Appreciation at work is not a hygiene factor, but instead a motivating factor.
  19. b. Physiological factors appear at the lowest level of Maslow's hierarchy triangle.
  20. a. The other three options are examples of benefit measurement method.

  21. d. Dynamic Programming is an example of Constrained Optimization method. Murder board is an example of benefit measurement method.
  22. c. Murder board is a process where a committee asks questions from project representatives as part of the project selection process.
  23. c. Control Scope process is part of scope management knowledge area.
  24. a. WBS dictionary is the best option. WBS Dictionary identifies all the components used in the WBS
  25. d. Scope Validation is the process of the customer accepting the project deliverables.
  26. d. Mean for PERT is defined as (P+4M+O)/6 which comes out to be 16 days.
  27. b. Control Procurements is a process in the Project Procurement Management Knowledge area.
  28. c. In oligopoly, the action of one seller has an impact on other sellers, as there are very few sellers.
  29. b. Each year $200 gets removed from the value of computer. After three years the value becomes $400.
  30. c. The others are true statements about analogous estimating.

  31. d. Learning curve estimation uses the principal that the cost per unit will decrease as more units of work are manufactured.
  32. a. The behavior described is an illustration of Halo's effect.
  33. c. Close Procurements and Close Project or phase are the two closure processes.
  34. d. The Configuration (or Change) Control Board has the authority to approve or deny change requests.
  35. b. Cost baseline includes the project budget for each month.
  36. a. WBS should focus on deliverables.
  37. d. WBS is an output of the Create WBS.
  38. b. Project Manager is identified as part of the Develop Project Charter process.
  39. d. Mandatory dependency represents dependencies due to nature of work.
  40. a. This is an example of dependency to an external (outside) body.

  41. b. Parametric modeling is the best option.
  42. a. The order of magnitude is preferred during initiation phase, and it has an accuracy range of -25% to 75%
  43. c. Crashing involves adding extra resources to reduce the project duration.
  44. b. A risk trigger is an indication that the risk is about to occur or has occurred.
  45. a. This is an example of lag. Lag is the amount of time after the completion of the predecessor activity, when the successor activity can start.
  46. d. According to PMBOK 90% of Project Managers time is spent in communicating.
  47. d. As the scope is completed, the project is complete. Additional work should be done as part of a new project.
  48. b. Perform Quality Assurance is part of Execution phase.
  49. a. This is an example of Acceptance risk response strategy.
  50. b. Conduct Procurements is part of execution phase.

  51. c. According to PMI, Compromise is an example of a loose-loose situation.
  52. a. Procurement statements of work is an output of Plan Procurements process.
  53. c. Expert judgment is a tool for the Develop Project Charter process.
  54. c. War room is used for collocation to facilitate communication within the team.
  55. a. When the team is afraid of the Project Manager, the power yielded is of type Coercive.
  56. b. An S-curve is typically used to represent a cost baseline. The cost is low in the beginning and end, and high during the middle of the project.
  57. d. We need to compute the following for all the vendors - (0.4*Price + 0.6*Quality). The scores come out to be vendor 1 - 10.4, vendor 2 - 10, vendor 3 - 9.6, and vendor 4's 11. Since vendor 4 has the highest score, it should get selected.
  58. d. A CPI of greater than one indicates you are taking less money than planed to do the project.
  59. b. EAC = (BAC/CPI).
  60. d. CPI = EV/AV. EV=400, AC = 1000, PV=500.

  61. a. SV=EV-PV. 400 minus 500 is -100.
  62. c. Ethnocentrism refers to belief that ones culture is superior to other cultures.
  63. c. Screening system are predefined criteria that are used to short-list vendors for source selection
  64. d. WBS is not an input to the Conduct Procurements process.
  65. b. The other two are conditions that indicate the process is out of control.
  66. c. Statistical Sampling is the standard technique that is used to test only a small sample of products instead of all the products manufactured.
  67. d. This is the only correct statement.
  68. a. Contract Closeout is performed before administrative Closeout
  69. c. Risk Register is the only output of the Risk identification process.
  70. b. A numeric value is assigned to risks impact and probability during the Quantitative Risk Analysis process.
  71. C - This is an ethics question dressed up as a stakeholder management question. What happens next is an impact assessment. Under the mandatory Responsibility section: "We inform ourselves and uphold the policies, rules, regulations and laws that govern our work..."
  72. C - Expert judgment is not a tool and technique of Mange Stakeholder Engagement. PMBOK® Guide, 5th edition, p. 398
  73. d. Cleaning the building is a repetitive task that is done everyday. Hence it is not an example of a project.
  74. B – This exactly describes the Salience model. PMBOK® Guide, 5th edition, p. 396
  75. A - stakeholder management is about the creation and maintenance of relationships between the project team and stakeholders. Under specific circumstances, answers B and C may be partially or. Answer D is incorrect: what is created as the stakeholder management plan, not the stakeholder management strategy. PMBOK® Guide, 5th edition, p. 400


Selection of questions courtesy of Richard Perrin, PMP